Queen’s Gambit: Fashion and Meaning in Story

Queen’s Gambit is a new Netflix miniseries about an orphan who becomes a chess prodigy, which has gotten widespread critical acclaim. It’s also received high praise for the fashion choices and how it was used to enhance the storyline.  

Anya Taylor-Joy as Beth Harmon | Photo Credit: Netflix


Queen’s Gambit is set in the 1960s and its period clothing has unexpectedly garnered far more attention than the supposed ‘fashion frenzy’ that Emily in Paris was promised to be. The protagonist Beth Harmon is an orphaned girl that has an affinity for chess, going on to dominate the heavily male environment–with style.

Take a look through some of Beth’s key fashion moments but warning: spoilers ahead!



The dress Beth’s mother made her | Photo Credit: Netflix


When Beth first goes into the orphanage, the headmistress forces Beth to give up the dress her mother embroidered with her name and is given a pinafore that is almost identical to the other children. She is deprived of her individuality, but this will later be recovered with her unique talent.


Orphanage pinafore | Photo Credit: Netflix




Orphanage clothes in high school | Photo Credit: Netflix


In Episode 2, Beth is still seen in ragged orphanage clothes (despite her adoption). She goes to her new high school where she is targeted and bullied by the popular ‘Apple Pi Club’ girls for her clothes. Beth can be seen enviously looking at other girls’ clothing in particular, the saddle shoes. Her early interest in fashion can be linked to the desire for more, which is why chess is not just a talent but a means of taking control of her life and its direction.


Beth compared to Apple Pi girls in background | Photo Credit: Netflix




Beth eyes up the saddle shoes everyone in class has | Photo Credit: Netflix


As she starts to win prize money for chess competitions, Beth begins to dress more stylishly, and the audience can visually see her mature and achieve success. A special purchase was the saddle shoes she finally managed to buy.


Beth is finally able to buy the saddle shoes | Photo Credit: Netflix




Beth’s school acquaintance looks outdated | Photo Credit: Netflix


A poignant fashion moment is when Beth runs into a high-school acquaintance who used to humiliate Beth about her clothing choices. In the scene, Beth is in a mohair cardigan and jeans–a more modern and fashion forward silhouette that suits her free, independent lifestyle. Contrastingly, the former ‘popular girl’ is seen in the same fit-and-flare style dress that is now outdated, mirroring her fixed lifestyle and the rigidity of motherhood.


Beth looking far more modern | Photo Credit: Netflix




Beth opts for straighter silhouette | Photo Credit: Netflix


Time progresses, and Beth favours mod-looks and Parisian-inspired fashion as she begins to earn serious money and travels overseas. Despite the more streamlined silhouettes she still looks undeniably feminine: crucial for her character as she does not compromise her femininity to be taken seriously in a male-dominated world. If anything, she enhances this to further prove to her opponents that she is in fact a woman and she can in fact beat them.




Beth’s green dress as she loses to Borgov | Photo Credit: Netflix


This is the scene where Beth is hungover and loses the all-important game against Borgov in Paris. She is seen in a green dress mod-dress with dark green accents. This colour scheme is a subtle nod to the tranquilliser pills she is addicted to, reinforcing how it inhibits her success.


Tranquilliser pills Beth is addicted to | Photo Credit: Netflix




Beth looks like white queen chess piece | Photo Credit: Netflix


In the final scene, Beth is in white hat, coat, pants, shoes and gloves after her final win against Borgov in Russia. The look, particularly the bobble hat, makes Beth look like a white queen chess piece–the most important and powerful piece. It is particularly fitting considering how she has achieved her greatest professional goal, taken control of her addiction and also avoided being used as a political pawn.




Notable mention to all the times Beth wore geometric, chess-like motifs, ranging from squares, checks, block lines and plaid (many of which were already shown above). The costume designer Gabriele Binder said:

“[Beth] would intuitively choose to wear pieces that are connected to chess.”

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